Who Are the Court Officials

Uniformed judicial officers are assigned to each courtroom and courtroom. They are responsible for security throughout the building and also call parties into the courtrooms if the judges or supporting judges are ready to hear each case. The Chief Justice appoints a Chief Justice of the District Court in each district. Among other things, the Chief District Judge prepares the schedule of District Court sessions for the district, appoints district judges to preside over those sessions, and supervises the judges of each district in the district. A guardian is a person appointed by the judge to replace a parent on behalf of a child whose parents are scheduled to appear in court but are not available, or who is assigned to an adult who is mentally or physically unable to speak for himself or herself in court. The presiding federal judge may be an Article III judge or a magistrate judge, depending on the nature of the case. The judge decides on the legal issues raised at trial. The judge decides the verdict if it is a court case. District judges determine the appropriate sentence and convict those convicted of crimes. Visit the Student Centre`s About Federal Judges page to learn more. Judges of the Supreme Court are elected by the voters of their constituency, must reside in the constituency to which they are elected, and serve an eight-year term.

This person, also known as a stenographer, is responsible for accurately recording everything that is said in the courtroom during trials. The court reporter is a specialized skill that requires years of preparation and practice to master. It is very important to document everything that is correctly said for the court record, as this ensures the responsibility of all parties. A party who has a question about what was said or not may request the minutes from the court reporter. If one of the parties appeals, the higher court must have access to court records so that they can be reviewed for errors. Some courts use electronic audio recordings instead of a court reporter, but even in these courts, a written record is created for each appeal. These are individuals whose professional functions are important to the functioning of the judicial system. All witness statements and statements made during hearings are recorded. In some courtrooms, court reporters take notes during the hearing with a typewriter, and may then be asked to enter a “transcript” – a word-for-word account of what is said during a trial.

(Hearings before supporting judges and some hearings before judges are recorded on tape recorders.) In a criminal case, the government prosecutes a person accused of breaking the law. The government`s lawyer is called the prosecutor. In the U.S. District Court, this is the U.S. Attorney or an Assistant U.S. Attorney. In common law systems, the generic term “court officer” applies to all persons who participate to some extent in the legal system on the basis of their professional or similar qualifications. Court officials should not be confused with judicial officials, law enforcement officers who work in the courts.

Investigators and probation officers assist judges in gathering specific information about defendants in criminal cases. Both question the accused and also research his background and lifestyle. They use what they learn to prepare reports for the judge. The information provided by the United States Pre-Trial Services Officer assists the judge in deciding whether or not to release the defendant pending trial and in determining the conditions that the defendant must meet while awaiting his hearing date. The investigator supervises accused living in the community and assists them with services such as placement and substance abuse treatment. District judges hear civil, criminal and minor cases. Find out what types of cases are heard by the district court. Unlike the High Court, district court districts are not grouped into larger chambers and judges do not travel to districts. Probation officers work for the probation department and prepare reports for judges on those involved in cases. The probation officer assigned to the courtroom is called a Court Liaison Officer (“OCOL”). Sometimes witnesses do not speak English. Since what happens in the hearing room may affect the parties in the years to come, all parties involved must be able to hear and understand the proceedings.

The court interpreter may be present in the courtroom or interpret by telephone. The court interpreter must swear to interpret everything that is said accurately. Most tribunals hire interpreters as needed. Court officials have legal and ethical obligations. Their task is to participate to the best of their ability in the functioning of the judicial system in order to achieve justice through the application of the law and the simultaneous pursuit of the legitimate interests of all parties and the general interest of society. A magistrate is an independent bailiff recognized by the North Carolina Constitution as an officer of the district court. Judges and judges perform many functions in civil and criminal proceedings. Judges are not elected, but appointed by the Clerk of the Supreme Court, appointed by the Senior Resident Judges of the Superior Court, and supervised by the Chief District Justice. The initial term of office of a magistrate is two years, followed by a term of four years. A court lawyer is a lawyer who works with the judge and helps him by researching legal issues and helping to draft decisions. The court lawyer may also meet with lawyers or parties to a case to try to reach an agreement without the need for legal proceedings.

Social services case workers, who are expected to work with families, bring the files to court and testify at hearings. Public defenders work in some parts of the state. They are appointed by the Senior Resident Judge of the Superior Court. Public defenders represent indigent defendants in criminal cases and juveniles in criminal cases. This person ensures that everything is in place in the courtroom and that the process runs smoothly and according to plan. The scribe swears in anyone who must take an oath before testifying. The court clerk also looks after the jury members, ensuring that they can move from one place to another in the courthouse, and acts as a messenger if the jury has to ask questions of the judge during deliberations.